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 إستخدام/ Prefer and Would Rather / و prefer to do و prefer doing

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عضو مجلس الادارة ومدير المنتدى الادبي


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تاريخ التسجيل : 19/01/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: إستخدام/ Prefer and Would Rather / و prefer to do و prefer doing   الإثنين مايو 26, 2008 4:12 am



الســلام عليــكم ورحمــة الله وبركاتــه



You can use "prefer to (do)" or "prefer -ing" to say what you prefer in general:

• I don't like cities. I prefer to live in the country. or I prefer living in the country.

Study the differences in structure after prefer. We say:

but





I prefer this coat to the coat you were wearing yesterday.
I prefer driving to traveling by train.

but • I prefer to drive rather than travel by train.

• Ann prefers to live in the country rather than (live) in a city.

Would prefer (I'd prefer...)

We use "would prefer" to say what somebody wants in a particular situation (not in general):

• "Would you prefer tea or coffee" "Coffee, please."

We say "would prefer to do" (not "doing"):

• "Shall we go by train?" "Well, I'd prefer to go by car. (not "I'd prefer going")

I'd prefer to stay at home tonight rather than go to the cinema.

Would rather (I'd rather...)

Would rather (do) = would prefer (to do). After would rather we use the infinitive without to.

Compare:



• "Would you rather have tea or coffee" "Coffee, please."

The negative is "I'd rather not (do something)":

• I'm tired. I'd rather not go out this evening, if you don't mind.

• "Do you want to go out this evening" "I'd rather not."


Study the structure after would rather:





I'd rather stay at home tonight than go to the cinema.

I'd rather you did something

When you want somebody to do something, you can say "I'd rather you did something":

• "Shall I stay here?" "I'd rather you came with us."

• "Shall I tell them the news?" "No. I'd rather they didn't know."

• "Shall I tell them or would you rather they didn't know?"


In this structure we use the past (came, did etc.), but the meaning is present or future, not past.

Compare:

• I'd rather cook the dinner now.

but • I'd rather you **********d the dinner now. (not "I'd rather you cook")

The negative is "I'd rather you didn't...":



• I'd rather you didn't tell anyone what I said.

• "Do you mind if I smoke?" "I'd rather you didn't."








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عضو مجلس الادارة ومدير المنتدى الادبي
عضو مجلس الادارة ومدير المنتدى الادبي


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: إستخدام/ Prefer and Would Rather / و prefer to do و prefer doing   الإثنين مايو 26, 2008 4:14 am



استخدام prefer to do و prefer doing

** نستخدم " prefer to do " أو " prefer doing " لكي نقول ما نفضله بصفة عامة .

تستطيع أن تقول مثلا :



I don't like cities . I prefer to live in the country -

أو تقول :

I don't like cities . I prefer living in the country -

** لاحظ الفروق في تركيبة الجملة بعد prefer .. نحن نقول :

I prefer something to something else *

I prefer this coat to the coat you were wearing yesterday -

I prefer doing something to doing something else *

I prefer driving to travelling by train -

I prefer to do something rather than do something else *

I prefer to drive rather than travel by train -

Ann prefers to live in the country rather than live in a city -


أمثلة أخري :

I prefer tennis to football -

I prefer phoning people to writing letters -

I prefer watching films on TV to going to the cinema -

I prefer to write letters rather than phone people -

I prefer to go to the cinema rather than watch films on TV -


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إستخدام/ Prefer and Would Rather / و prefer to do و prefer doing
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